Celebrating the Bicentennial of the War of 1812
Two centuries later, the War of 1812 remains a significant event in both the development of Canadian and American national identities and the relationship between our two countries.
In June 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. As part of the British Empire, the Canadian colonies were drawn into this two and a half year conflict. The combined efforts of English and French speaking militias, First Nations allies, together with British military forces succeeded in defeating the American invasion. This shattered U.S. President Thomas Jefferson's 1812 prediction that the "acquisition of Canada . . . will be a mere matter of marching." The Treaty of Ghent ended the War in 1814, re-establishing the original border between Canada and the United States. The First Nations peoples' dreams of a separate nation were not realized.The heroic efforts during the War of 1812 helped shape our country. Today we celebrate two centuries of peaceful co-existence along the longest border in the world.